0 EBITDA Margin - Formula, Definition, and Explanation | Trend Guru |

EBITDA Margin - Formula, Definition, and Explanation


  • A company's profitability can be assessed in various ways, including common estimations such as operating margin and EBITDA.
  • Operating margin provides you the ratio of income to expenditures. Higher margins demonstrate higher degrees of profitability.
  • EBITDA, or earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization, allows you to see how much wealth an organization earns before accounting for non-operating expenditures.

Operating Margin

  • Operating profit margin is a profitability ratio that investors and analysts use to assess a company's ability to turn a dollar of income into a dollar of profit after accounting for expenditures. In different words, operating margin is the percentage of revenue left over after accounting for expenditures.
  • Two elements go into calculating operating profit margin: revenue and operating profit. Revenue is listed on the top line of an organization's income statement and depicts the total income developed from the sale of goods or services. Revenue is moreover cited as net sales.
  • Operating profit is the profit remaining after all of the day-to-day operating expenditures have been taken out of revenue. Still, some expenses are not included in operating profit such as interest on debt, taxes paid profit, or loss from investments, and any extraordinary gains or losses that occurred outside of the organization's daily operations such as the sale of an asset.
  • The day-to-day expenses included in figuring the operating profit margin including wages and advantages for under estimating autonomous contractors, administrative expenses, the expense of parts or materials needed to produce items that a company on sells, advertising expenses, depreciation, and amortization. In short, any expense essential to keep a business running is included, such as rent, utilities, payroll, employee advantages, and insurance premiums.
  • While operating profit is the dollar amount of profit developed for a period, operating profit margin is the percentage of earnings a firm earns after taking out operating expenditures. Examining the operating margin facilitates firms to analyze, and hopefully decrease, variable expenses involved in conducting their business.


EBITDA or earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization is just various from operating profit. EBITDA strips out the expense of debt capital and its tax impacts by adding back interest and taxes to net profit. EBITDA furthermore reduces depreciation and amortization, a non-cash expense, from earnings.

Depreciation is an strategy of allocating the expense of a fixed asset over its valuable life and stabilized to account declines in value over time. In different words, depreciation enables a corporation to expense long-term asset purchases over several years, enables an organization generates profit from deploying the asset.

Depreciation and amortization expenditure is subtracted from developing when calculating operating income. Operating income is further more cited as a firm’s revenue before interest and taxes (EBIT). EBITDA, on the different hand, adds depreciation and amortization back into operating revenue as shown by the formula below:



OI = Operating income

D = Depreciation

A = Amortization

EBITDA enables to indicate the operating performance of an organization before accounting expenditures like depreciation are taking out of operating income. EBITDA can be utilized to analyze and correlate profitability among companies and industries as it abolishes the effects of financing and accounting decisions.

For instance, a capital-intensive company with a large number of fixed assets would have a lower operating profit due to the depreciation expense of the assets when compared to a company with fixed assets. EBITDA takes out depreciation so that the two corporations can be correlated without any accounting estimates affecting profit.

Related Terms

1) EBITDA Margin Definition

The EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization) margin assessesan organization's profit as a percentage of revenue.

2) Operating Margin Definition

Operating margin assesses the profit an organization makes on a dollar of sales after accounting for the direct expenses involved in earning those incomes.

3) Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT) Definition

Earnings before interest and taxes are an indicator of a firm's profitability and are estimated as revenue minus expenditures, excluding taxes and interest.

4) What EBITDAR Tells Us?

EBITDAR—an acronym for earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, and restructuring or rent costs—is a non-GAAP estimate of a company's economic performance.

5) Return on Sales (ROS) Definition

Return on sales (ROS) is a financial ratio used to evaluate a company's operational efficiency.

6) Operating Income Definition

Operating income looks at a profit after reducing operating expenditures such as earnings, depreciation, and the expense of goods sold. more

The Bottom Line

Operating profit margin and EBITDA are 2 different metrics that measure an organization's profitability. Operating margin estimates an organization's profit after paying variable expenses, but before paying interest or tax. EBITDA, on the other hand, estimates a company's all-around profitability. But it may not take into account the expense of equity investments like property and equipment.

0 Master Traders - Learn The 6 Quint essential Skills to Expert Trading | Trend Gurus |

Master Traders - Learn The 6 Quintessential Skills to Expert Trading


Today, almost anyone can become a trader, but to be one of the master traders takes more than investment wealth and a three-piece suit. Always Keep in mind: there is an ocean of individuals looking to enroll the ranks of master traders and bring home the kind of wealth that goes with that title. Very few of them make the level or even come near to it. Constant, gaining traders are about as rare as multi-million dollar winning lottery tickets.

One of the preparation courses of becoming a master trader is a reasonable education in basic economics, economic markets, and technical estimation. But there are plenty of well-educated, well-informed, very intelligent individuals who won’t even qualify as master traders. The significant difference between winning traders and losing traders is more dependent on acquiring the six important abilities that master traders share. Master these abilities and then you’ll get a profound shot at being a trading master.

Skills #1 and #2 – Research and Analysis

  • The proficiency to do quality research and solid market inspection is basic to trading success. Master traders create their skills in being able to thoroughly explore all information relevant to the securities they trade – and then, more greatly, being able to accurately specify the likely influence of that information on a specific market.
  • Master traders understand and improve by utilizing market data – both fundamental economic information and market data in the form of trading and price action that arises – to modify and approach the market in the most beneficial ways possible. (By “beneficial”, we mean with positive risk/reward ratios, high probabilities of success, and low levels of risk, only in case we get things wrong).
  • Analytical skills are crucial because they facilitate a trader to better comprehend, identify, and utilize trends (or the lack thereof) – both as applied to price action on particular charts of numerous time frames, and in the market as a whole. As you evaluate a market and spot patterns and trends, it’s furthermore essential to specify what technical parts are important to learn. l

Skill #3 – Adapting Your Market Analysis to Changing Market Conditions

  • Over time, master traders cultivate techniques and trading techniques that they utilize over and over again. Over time, every trader puts jointly his own personal toolkit of techniques, maneuvers, policies, and trading tactics. That’s a nice thing. You must have your personal trading style and trading edge, such as particular combinations of specialized indicators that signal high probability trades.
  • Having your own tested and true trading tricks is a nice thing. A better thing, a master trader sort of thing, is having your most ingrained habit be the habit of continually monitoring the market for signs and indications that the market is changing or forming a new pattern, thereby signaling to you that you need to adapt to those changing situations by modifying your trading technique accordingly.

Skill #4 – Staying in the Game

Regardless of the industry, business, or specific profession, everyone encounters peaks and valleys in their employment. If you are a full-time trader, you will certainly be met with substantial gains and, at different times, crucial losses. Sticking with it – staying in the trading game – is an irreplaceable and crucial ability that every master trader possesses.

Skills #5 and #6 – Discipline and Patience

  • Discipline and patience are 2 very closely applicable abilities that every master trader needs – in abundance. As we spoke of above, staying in the game is significant because it enables you to experience both the highs and the lows, understanding from them and making the essential adjustments to your trading. A master trader must be both patients and patients to hold with it, particularly on days when revenue is non-existent.
  • A patient and educated trader knows, for instance, that quite frequently the very guiltiest trading sessions or days are pursued by significantly better ones. Keep in mind that a crucial part of market behavior is its up-and-down, give-and-take instabilities. Sessions that run-flat and see very slight volume may continue for various days, but the disciplined trader comprehends that patience will be awarded, so he waits until the market starts to make a really substantial move before entering and risking his hard-earned wealth.

Bonus Skill #7 – Record Keeping

Master traders learn from their trading errors. Losing traders hardly do. One of the significant habits that create traders is that of keeping a trading bulletin. Your bulletin journal keeps a record of each trade as it happens: your entry point and your motive for purchasing or selling; where you put your stop-loss order and your take-profit order; what occurred in the market after you instigated your trade and how you reacted to the market action; ultimately, the amount of your win/loss.

In the End

The crucial message we hope you take away from this piece of blog is that every master trader needs to develop the important skills for prosperous (i.e., profitable) trading. Make the essential effort to become an absolutely skilled trader, and the market will award you for your diligent efforts.

Becoming a master trader isn’t simple, but it is credible and well worth the effort. If you commence working in that direction today, instead than putting it off until tomorrow, then you’re one day closer to making your financial fantasies a reality.

0 MCX Base Metal Trading Tips & Strategies | Trend Gurus |

MCX Base Metal Trading Tips & Strategies


Precious metals are rare, natural metallic elements in the Earth’s layers and have high economic significance. Precious metal commodities are extraordinary for a motive, they act as both investments as well as industrial elements. Manufacturers use metal products to perceive a variety of products like electronic parts, jewelry, and dental equipment. Investors collect currencies and bars made of these metals. The latter usage of metals, invaluable metals trading, makes investors glimpse these commodities as having better significance than paper money.

High-Value Commodity Trading Metals

Commodity trading metals that have high significance include –
  • Gold
  • Silver
  • Platinum
  • Palladium
Gold is the most crucial metal in the precious metals trading in business. Amongst the precious metals, gold stands out for its stability and malleability. Although gold is utilized in manufacturing electronic parts at times, its major demand is in the creation of jewelry. Many traders view metal commodities made of gold as a source of revenue in future .

Silver is widely utilized in the manufacture of both electronic commodities and jewelry. Among the commodity trading metals, silver traditionally holds a fraction of the significance of gold, financially. Price variations of silver are more stable than that of gold.

Platinum belongs to a cluster of metals that are comprehended as the platinum group metals (PGMs) and is utilized to make catalytic converters for cars, in addition to jewelry. Platinum is inclined to acquire a greater price than gold during usual times merely because of its sparse availability. As the automobile industry is heavily reliant on these precious metal products, the platinum price is specified heavily by the output and sales prices of automobiles.

Another member of PGMs is Palladium, which is utilized in the output of catalytic converters, electronic components, and dental apparatus.

Tips to make profitable Base Metal Trading

  • With the world comprising of substantial resources regarding renewable and non-renewable characteristics. Metals are the maximum elements utilized in the fields of construction, electricity, area analysis, engineering, technicians, chemistry.
  • Even though gold, silver, and various precious metals are frequently being listed in MCX, base metals have their importance within the market. They are commonly defined as metals that oxidize, contaminate, or deteriorate comparatively. Rapidly once exposed to air or wet and are commonly a lot substantial and normally easier to mine. Base metals are of absolute significance and experts referring to them as “nonferrous.” This tells metals that have no iron.
  • The installation blocks of infrastructure are called "Base metals". Let us look at Nickel. It is the primary component of stainless steel. Zinc is utilized to preserve against corrosion. Interestingly, Lead is one of the firstest metals discerned in humanity.
  • Traders have a choice to trade utilizing MCX tips on aluminum, zinc, and nickel. As base metals are popular and economical regarding their prices. The required percentage of money is low to trade in them.

Techniques to make Success Base Metal Trading

Few points should be taken into deliberation in forming a technique to venture into base metal trading.

1. Averted Overestimation of metals

The values of metals never remain compatible. Searching for base metals that have uniform prices. And have fewer stakes of having intense decreases could influence you’re trading somewhere down the line. Selecting your options of investment thorough and valuation of all the aspects plays a substantial part in the trade. Information regarding the smooth surge in rates of base metals or a comparison of the cost of base metals should be contemplated in molding your success in trading.

2. Investing in a variety of options

Avert sinking your money wholly into a specific metal. Having more options directs to the development of decent backup plans and management of all the processes in a systematic way. This avoids undue risks and losses. If the condition of the market is risky or unstable, with a particular metal’s performance declining.

3. Revamped with the latest happenings in the economic and political scenario

The rates of commodities are incredibly evaporative and outer factors contribute to influencing the commodity market. Characteristics like amendments made in the rules and regulations of government policies, financial status. Variations made in the scale may boost or lower the expenses of some commodities. By being able to obtain, assess and categorize the latest data. Being conscious of the current affairs of the state and its policies is a crucial requirement.

4. Get advice from specialists

  • Economic advisers give services like MCX market advice, currency advice. And other trading tips which assist traders in attaining good revenues. These companies give basic suggestions regarding investments and returns at adequate service charges. Risk and returns management are accomplished with efficiency. By hiring them, you can strengthen your returns by following their suggestion and improve your status within the market step by step.
  • These are a few tips to enhance their commodity trading calls. And enhance your performance regarding functionality and time management. Futures and options contract of metals, exchange-traded funds, stocks of businesses involved in mining or producing metals. With the main purpose of profit and earning returns in a perfect, smooth, and quick way, disciplined. Systematic trading should be exercised to become an affluent trader in the commodity market.

Final Words-

Base Metals and Energy tips are composed to cater to the necessity of traders who exclusively trade in Base Metals and Energy index. This pack is excellent for the regular trader who trades for intraday profit without beholding much instability in the price movement likewise happening in the precious metals. We take into account various Market volatility, Domestic and US Data, Domestic and Foreign market NEWS and Updates, and another significant aspect before approving any sell/buy call in this segment.

0 Trading Mechanisms - How the System Works | Trend Gurus |

Trading Mechanisms

Trading mechanisms cite the logistics behind trading assets and securities, irrespective of the category of the market. These markets can be stock exchanges, dealers, or OTC markets. The mechanisms are the operations by which buyers of an asset are approximated with sellers.

There are two major categories of trading mechanisms:

  • Order driven markets
  • Quote driven markets

Trading Mechanisms: Quote Driven

In a quote-driven market, continual prices or “quotes” are given to buyers and sellers. These prices are given by market makers, which implies these categories of systems are nicely suited for dealer or OTC markets. For a buyer, the price given is the price a dealer is ready to sell at. For a seller, the price given is the price a dealer is ready to purchase at. Commonly, the quoted buy price will be lower than the selling price. The spread is the revenue that the market maker, the dealer, earns.

Trading Mechanisms: Order Driven

In an order-driven market, buyers and sellers of assets can place orders for assets they desire to purchase or sell. They can list at market price, which enforces a market order instantaneously at the best accessible price. Alternatively, they can list a fixed/limit price, which implements either a limit or stop order, not to be implemented until specific pricing conditions are fulfilled.

In an order-driven market, counterparties are not necessarily accessible instantly, depending on the listed price. Because this is so, order-driven trading mechanisms are also fitted for exchanges. Orders will execute once a desirable counterparty is created for each buyer or seller. In other words, a buy order will only implement if a seller is found who is ready to sell at the specified limit price. Order-driven trading mechanisms are frequently favored by an order book.

Order Book

An order book is a system or database that regulates an order-driven trading mechanism. The book lists all buyers and sellers, as well as their planned bid or asks rates.

we see sell orders summarized in ascending order and buy orders summarized in descending order, sorted by list price. Orders in an order-driven trading mechanism execute when the lowest sell order and the highest buy order match, or outperform each other. Order books will commonly remain updating as new orders are added in real-time.

Disadvantages of the Order Driven Market

  • As ascertained by the order book above, the order-driven style of trading mechanisms will have lower liquidity than the quote-driven market. In a quote-driven market, a market maker is constantly readily accessible to sell or buy, as long as the trader is ready to meet the slightly higher premiums of the quoted price. In an order-driven market, trades can stagnate if buyers are not willing to meet seller prices or vice versa.
  • Because of this automated matching system, order-driven market trading mechanisms are most suitable for assets that are frequently traded and commonly very liquid. These markets stocks, options, bonds, and some currencies, among others.

Trading Mechanisms: Order Types

  • In order-driven trading mechanisms, there are various order types that a trader can take benefit of. These are briefly described above but are moreover described in one of our different blogs.
  • The presence of the real-time order book enables traders to take benefit of limit and stop pricing that will not fulfill until their conditions are fulfilled. This differs from market pricing, which implements instantly, and may be unlucky for traders.

Trading Mechanisms: Order Timing

Also, order-driven trading mechanisms enable traders to specify the shelf life of a particular order. Orders, for instance, can be kept indefinitely until executed, set to endure only a day, or set to last until a particular duration.

Trading System

The Futures and Options Trading System gives a completely automated trading environment for screen-based, floor-less trading on a nationwide basis and an online monitoring and supervision mechanism. The system assists an order-driven market and gives comprehensive transparency of trading operations.

Orders, as and when they are received, are first time-stamped and then instantly processed for a probable match. If a match is not established, then the orders are stored in various 'books classified in price-time priority in multiple books in the subsequent sequence:

  • Best Price
  • Within Price, by time priority.

The Bottom Line

Understanding the various trading mechanisms is significant know-how for traders. Comprehending the game enables the trader to play it better. Specific markets, for instance, will utilize algorithms in conjunction with order-driven markets, and understanding this will enable a trader to make the most out of their trades. As such, understanding the distinction between the quote and order-driven trading mechanisms is productive information.

0 Crypto Trading Bots • A helpful guide for beginners 2021 | Trend Gurus |

Crypto Trading Bots


Crypto currencies are recognized for being exceptionally volatile, and rates differ drastically even in the space of seconds. Investors have the chance to partake in crypto currency trading around the world and at any time of the day. The collective impact of these characteristics limits the efficacy of human crypto currency trading in plenty of ways.

Investors, in numerous cases, are unable to react rapidly enough to transitions in the price to accomplish the optimal trades. Investors can not commit as much time to the crypto currency markets as crucial to constantly achieve the best trades. That would need round-the-clock monitoring of crypto currency exchanges all over the world. This is where crypto trading bots get into the bigger picture. They are nothing but computerized tools that perform trades and implement transactions on behalf of human investors.

What are crypto trading bots?

Crypto trading bots are computer programs that build and submit purchase and sell orders to exchanges based on the regulations of pre-defined trading techniques. For instance, a very easy trading bot might be programmed to sell ETH when the crypto's price attained a certain limit.

In short, crypto trading bots allow trading based on data and trends—not on subjective instinct. Eventually, this usually grows their revenues, minimizes their risks, and hedges their losses across stock exchanges. Also, bots can generate passive income 24 hours a day. Whether you’re dozing, biking, providing a presentation, whatever: you could furthermore be earning from automated trades.

Crypto trading bots are a pack of programs developed to automate crypto currency trading on your behalf. Commonly, The investor/trader will have to pay scrutiny to market statistics that play a critical role in exercising trading and then pick which crypto currency to purchase /sell and at what time. Crypto trading bots can handily automate the estimation and understanding of market statistics. They can compile market data, infer it, evaluate the potential market risk, and implement buying/selling crypto currency assets.

It’s like leasing a specialist to do crypto trading for you while you can sit back and scrutinize the earnings growth. For instance, you can set up a crypto trading bot to buy more Bitcoin when the rates go lower than a particular limit. Crypto trading bots can frequently conserve you plenty of time and are extra cost-effective than hiring human specialists.

Automated trading is promoted by a thriving number of platforms, but we’ve done the analysis and illustrated our favorites below, along with some logical context and advice about making them work for you.

How do Bots work?

Investors seek out the crypto trading bots that will be greatly helpful for them and then download the code from a developer. Many bots have user taxes, some of which can be relatively steep. Each bot has unique requirements in terms of software and hardware. To maximize the effect of a bot, an investor must understand how to best utilize the tool.

Commonly, most crypto trading bots have the following key elements :

1) Market Data Analysis

This module will redeem raw market data from various sources, analyze it and decide whether to buy/sell a particular crypto currency asset. Most of the bots enable users to customize which categories of data go into the signal generator sector to get perfected results.

2) Market Risk Prediction

This module is a significant characteristic of a crypto trading bot. Like the earlier one, this one too uses market data to evaluate the potential risk in the market. Based on that data, the bot will determine how much to invest or trade.

3) Buying/Selling the Assets

This module of the crypto trading bot utilizes APIs to purchase or sell the crypto currency asset strategically. Periodically, you might want to avert purchasing tokens in bulk, and during specific circumstances, instantaneous purchases could be the best option. The Execution module takes care of such factors.

Categories of Bots

There are several categories of crypto trading bots. One of the most prominent ones is the arbitrage bot. Arbitrage Crypto trading bots are tools that assess rates across exchanges and accordingly make trades to take benefit of fluctuations. Because the price of a crypto currency tends to fluctuate somewhat from stock exchange to exchange, bots that can move rapidly enough can beat exchanges that are delayed in updating their rates.

Few different categories of crypto trading bots utilize historical price data to test out trading techniques, giving investors an enabling hand theoretically. And there are however additional crypto trading bots programmed to implement trades at specific signals such as trading volume or price.

Windfalls of Crypto Trading Bots

Following are some of the core aspects and windfalls of crypto trading bots:

1) More Powerful

There is a particular threshold to the amount of data a human trader can process at a time. Even if all the data is refined, it is difficult to seek insights based on that data. Crypto trading bots can effortlessly handle bulks of data and arrive at logical conclusions.

2) Efficient

Trading crypto currency assets utilizing a crypto trading bot is constantly contemplated more productive. You don’t have to worry about delays and, most greatly, human mistakes. As long as the bot receives the correct data and is working on desirable algorithms, it can trade assets with a nice likelihood of profit. An added benefit is that these bots can function 24*7.

3) Emotionless

A crypto trading bot takes every single judgment based on the perceived. Unlike humans, it doesn’t have anxiety of loss or desire of profit. Experienced traders may make practical judgments by overpowering their feelings, but that may not constantly be the case with everybody, particularly beginners. On the different hand, a crypto trading bot constantly keeps sentiments out of the equation.


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