0 What Are The Features and Benefits of Corporate Bond Funds

 Corporate bond securities are the underlying portfolios of credit opportunities for debt funds.

What are Corporate Bond Debt Funds?

A corporate bond fund is almost a mutual fund that invests more than 80% of its cumulative financial reserves in corporate bonds. Companies and organizations sell these to fund their short expenditures, such as working capital necessities, advertising, insurance premium payments, etc. Corporate bond funds are rapidly  Evolving as a prominent debt instrument for businesses to boost required finances as correlated expenses are lower as correlated to bank loans.

 Categories of corporate bond funds

There are considerably 2  categories of corporate bond a mutual fund invests in –

• Top-rated businesses that have extremely high CRISIL credit ratings. These are commonly top public sector corporations and Maha-Navratnas.

• corporations having a little lower credit rating of AA-


• Who Should Invest in Corporate Bonds?

Corporate bond mutual funds have low-risk sensitivity as it is a debt instrument assuring capital protection. It is excellent for risk-averse people glancing for increased returns on their investments. The interval of the prime corporate bond funds commonly expanses between 1 and 4 years, conserving the liquidity of the investor.

Corporate bonds give increased interest rates because they hold higher credit risk. Government bonds are extra reliable, as it has negligible default risks. The stake on corporate bonds, on the different hand, relies on investment patterns discerned by the respective portfolio executives. Businesses with great credit ratings have low likelihoods of defaulting, while the ones with moderately lower ratings have a higher risk aspect.


• Characteristics and advantages of corporate bond funds

The crucial benefits of investing in corporate bond funds are –

1) Higher returns

Corporate bond funds ensure significantly increased returns than other debt instruments in the market. Average yields of 8-10% can be anticipated from corporate debt methods, while government-held bonds only give roughly half of it.

2) Liquidity

Since corporate debt funds are developed to fulfill the short-term financing prerequisites of a company, they too are short-term in nature. Moreover, corporate bond mutual funds can be attained and sold as per the desire of the investor. This gives great liquidity of the financial resource, enabling a person to modify it to cash as and when the need emerges.

3) Security

Corporate debt funds have a lesser linked risk than shares, as the former presents a financial obligation (liability) on the business. Equity investments, on the different hand, are subject to the earnings and losses developed by an organization in one financial year, and therefore, are moderately dangerous.

4) Variety

Leading corporate bond funds can be differentiated based on fund term, as well as the credit ratings of the businesses chosen for the growth of the mutual fund portfolio. This difference caters to numerous categories of investors and their investing patterns in the market. For instance, individuals glancing for a short-term investment alternative in low-risk bonds can easily select those who have a lower maturity tenure. There are short-, medium- and long-term bonds and there are moreover some endless bonds in the market.

5 Risk factors and returns

The risk attributed with a corporate bond mutual fund relies on the portfolio of the fund itself. If the fund executive selects all high-rated organization bonds, the risk factor of the organization defaulting is extensively less.


Still, higher returns can also be collected if low-rated businesses are targeted, given the fund is regulated suitably by the apprehensive portfolio executive. Companies with a lower credit rating offer increased coupon value to captivate potential investors and various mutual funds. Highly skilled portfolio executives agree to invest a significant portion of the aggregate resource in such funds during positive market situations while revoking the funds if instabilities are foreseeable. This is a desirable alternative for people with a moderately increased risk.

• How do corporate bonds make returns?

Corporate bond mutual funds operate in the share market almost like any common mutual fund. A rise in the value of a corporate bond in the portfolio of the mutual fund boosts the NAV of the fund, thereby acknowledging revenues. On the additional hand, a plunge in NAV value has an opposite effect on the aggregate price of the mutual fund.

You need to discern that mutual funds are not only invested only in equities but furthermore in debt methods. Investors should select only those mutual funds that are in sync with their risk profile. This blog provides knowledge about corporate bond funds – a variety of debt fund schemes.


 Things to know before investing in Corporate Bond Funds.

• Corporate Bond Debt Funds

Any company can allocate corporate bonds, moreover called Non-Convertible Debentures (NCDs). Organizations require capital for their customary operations as well as future growths and development opportunities. To accomplish this, businesses have 2 ways – debt and equity instruments. Debt is a prudent alternative as it doesn’t influence the shareholders of the business directly. Therefore, most businesses like issuing debt instruments to put up capital for their operation. Relying on their desires, bank loans can be costly for businesses.

This is where bonds or debentures give businesses a prudent choice to raise funds. Corporate bond securities are the elementary portfolios of credit alternatives for debt funds. When you purchase a bond, the organization is leasing money from you. The firm will pay back the principal after the maturity period as cited in the agreement. In the meantime, you will obtain the interest (fixed income) – understood as the coupon. Commonly, coupon payments in India are even twice a year.

• Who should invest in corporate bonds?

Corporate bonds are a wonderful choice for investors looking for a stabilized but increased income from a prudent alternative. Corporate bonds are a low-risk investment vehicle when correlated to debt funds as it assures capital protection. Still, these bonds are not completely stable. If you opt for corporate bond funds that invest in high-quality debt instruments, then it can assist your economic objectives better. Long-term debt funds frequently tend to become difficult when interest rates deviate beyond the objectives.

 As an outcome, corporate bond funds capitalize in scrips to thwart volatility. They usually go for an investment horizon of 1 year to 4 years. This can be an added benefit if you remain invested for up to 3  years. It can moreover demonstrate to be extra tax-efficient if you plunge into the highest income tax slab.


• Features & usefulness of corporate bond funds

1) Components of corporate bonds

Corporate bond funds invest, especially in debt papers. Businesses issue debt papers, which comprise bonds, debentures, commercial papers, and structured obligations. All of these factors carry an extraordinary risk profile, and the maturity date moreover varies.

2) Price of the bond

Every bond has a rate, and it is vibrant. You can purchase a similar bond at various prices, based on the time you select to purchase. Investors should test how it fluctuates from the par value – it will provide data about the market movement.

3) Par Value of the bond

This is the h  the business (bond issuer) expends you when the bond matures. It is the loan principal. In India, a corporate bond’s par value is usually Rs 1,000.   When you purchase a bond, the business will payout interest constantly until you escape the corporate bond or the bond matures. This interest is named the coupon, which is a specific percentage of the par value.

4) Current Yield

The annual returns you create from the bond are called the current profits.  For instance, if the coupon rate of a bond with Rs 1,000 par value is 20%, then the issuer pays Rs 200 as the interest per year.

5) Yield to Maturity (YTM)

This is the in-house price of returns of all the cash-flows in the bond, the current bond rate, the coupon payments until maturity, and the principal.

6) Tax-efficiency

If you are carrying your corporate bond fund for less than 3 years, then you must expend short-term capital gains tax (STCG) based on your tax piece. On the different hand, Section 112 of the Indian Income Tax demands a 20% tax on long-term capital gains. This correlates to those who hold the bond for more than years.

7) Exposure & allocation

Corporate bond funds, occasionally, do take minor exposures to government securities as well. But they perform so only when no adequate alternatives in the credit space are accessible. On a regular, corporate bond funds will have a roughly 5.22% allocation to sovereign fixed income.

8) Risk factors & returns

There’s constantly the probability of bond issuers defaulting on their commitments. This default risk is greater for low-rated securities and rises exponentially with boosting maturities. If your fund manager invests only in highly-rated businesses, anticipate an average return in the spectrum of 8% to 10%. Here, the risk is moreover minimal.

On the different hand, if you invest in a slightly low-rated but well-managed fund, then it can be awarded. For example, corporations tend to entrust somewhat increased coupon rates to captivate investors. Still, there is moreover a likelihood that the fund executive’s call on an organization going nasty. Therefore, if a business defaults on interest payments or principal repayment or the business gets devalued further, then it is a disappointment for investors.

• How do corporate bonds make returns?

There is a debt market where numerous bonds are traded. In this market, the rates of various bonds can surge or plummet, as they do on the stock markets. For example, a mutual fund purchases a bond, and its rate thereafter surges. Then, it can make extra wealth over and above what it would have made out of the interest earnings alone. Still, it could moreover go the other way.

• Categories of corporate bond funds

Broadly, there are 2 types of corporate bond funds.

1) Type One: corporate bonds invest in high-rated organizations – public sector unit (PSU) organizations and banks.

2) Type Two:  corporate bonds capitalize in narrowly lower-rated companies such as ‘AA-‘ and below. Let’s take a simple example to understand this. Presume, a CRISIL “A” rated bond with 1-year residual maturity has a 0.56% chance of defaulting, and a CRISIL “A” rated bond with a 3-year residual maturity has a 4.79% chance of defaulting.

 Commonly, corporate bond funds allocate at least half their portfolios to bonds with AA rank or lower. So, there’s constantly the risk of some of the different bonds in the portfolio defaulting, arising in the drag-down of portfolio returns.

Conclusion -

Corporate bond funds capitalize on corporate debenture and bonds of medium to long-term cycle. So, glance at it as a long-term investment opportunity.  some market proficiency is necessary here. If you are not a mature debt fund investor, then it will be disputing to comprehend potential risks and the market.

Remember that a huge volume of defaults within a fund’s portfolio can direct to a severe drag on returns. If you conclude to invest in them, then don’t let past-year returns impact your judgments in the case of corporate bond funds, it is nice to stick to the offerings of massive AMCs, preferably, the top five funds. Contrarily, recent investors would be better off gripping with high-rated short-term debt funds with less credit risk. 


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